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Obesity in adolescents and children has become a global health problem with serious consequences. This epidemic is what obstetricians are concerened about. Obesity has a profound impact on female reproductive health.

What is obesity?

A few extra pounds does not make you “obese” , rather it may be an indication of easy weight gain and points towards dietery changes and lifestyle modification. Studies have shown that a child who is obese between the ages of 10 and 13 has an 80 percent chance of becoming an obese adult.

Excess weight can be classified more precisely using body mass index (BMI): A BMI of 27 to 29.9 kg per m2 is designated as overweight and a BMI of 30 kg per m2 or higher is termed obese .

What causes obesity?

The causes of obesity are complex and include genetic, biological, behavioral and cultural factors. Obesity occurs when a person eats more calories than the body burns up.

Common causes of obesity are;

1. sedentary lifestyle 2. over eating 3. lack of exercise. 4. family history of obesity 5. medical disorders. 6. depression

What are the medical risks and complications of obesity?

• risk of heart disease • high blood pressure • diabetes • breathing problems • cholesterol disorders

What are the gynec problems associated with obesity ?

Obesity is associated with menstrual disorders and fertility problems in future apart from other medical problems.

How to manage obesity?

• Life style modifications like healthy eating habits and exercise. • Medications and surgical treatment are the other options. • But prevention is always better than cure.

How do you prevent obesity?

evention includes limiting artificial sweeteners, encouraging fruits and vegetables , a balanced diet, avoiding sweetened beverages & sedentary life, indulge yourself in daily exercise. A healthy mind is a healthy body. Community level interaction and mass education helps in creating awareness among the peer group.